Finding the text of treaties, plus information about status and parties.
Last Updated: Apr 21, 2013
This guide covers the most commonly-used sources for:
Try these sites for quick access to most treaties. For more options, see the Finding Treaties in Full Text section of this guide.
- Frequently-Cited Treaties - Univ. of Minn. Law Library
Links to reliable online versions of over 50 major multilateral treaties, plus citation information. [Free; no access restrictions.]
- EISIL - Electronic Information System for International Law (ASIL)
EISIL links to relevant treaties in each of its topical sections. The Treaty Collections
page links to other web-based collections of multilateral and national treaties. [Free; no access restrictions.]
- Flare Index to Treaties
Details of "over 2,000 of the most significant multilateral treaties concluded from 1353 onwards and a number of significant bilateral treaties signed between 1353 and 1815." Has links to online text (where available) and citations to print versions. [Free; no access restrictions.]
- UN Treaty Collection
This site has an extensive collection of multilateral treaties but suffers from a cumbersome search engine. Includes the United Nations Treaty Series (UNTS) and the League of Nations Treaty Series (LNTS). [Free; no access restrictions.]
- United Nations Law Collection - HeinOnline
Includes the United Nations Treaty Series, the League of Nations Treaty Series, and supporting materials. [For current USF students, faculty, and staff.]
- Treaties and Agreements Library - HeinOnline
Exceptionally thorough collection of United States treaties from 1776 to the present. [For current USF students, faculty, and staff.]
The following web sites and books offer great advice on treaty research.
- Guide to Treaty Research - Columbia Law Library
Explanations, advice, and links. (By Simon Canick & Beth Williams; last updated in 2011).
- Treaties - ASIL Guide to Electronic Resources for International Law
Includes: links to collections of multilateral and bilateral treaties; links to treaty status information; information about commercial online treaty collections; a brief introduction to treaty research. (By Jill Watson; last updated in 2010).
- Treaty Research - Georgetown Law Library
Links and advice. This guide begins with a "Treaty Quick Finder" organized by party, organization, and topic. (Last updated in 2008.)
- Researching Treaties Tutorial
From Georgetown Law Library. (Last updated in 2006.)
- An Introduction to Sources for Treaty Research
Research advice, terminology, and links. (By Mark Engsberg & Mary Beth Chappell; last updated in 2011).
- Researching U.S. Treaties and Agreements
Solid information from a leading expert in international law research. (By Marci Hoffman; last updated in 2001).
- Treaties & International Agreements
Chapter 4 of International Legal Research in a Nutshell (2008), by Marci B. Hoffman & Robert C. Berring. In print, at KZ 1234 .H64 2008 Law Open Reserve.
- International Law
Chapter 9 of Legal Research in a Nutshell, 10th ed. (2010), by Morris L. Cohen & Kent C. Olson. In print, at KF 240 .C54 2010 Law Open Reserve.